It is the legendary land of the Pharaohs, the Pyramids, and the gift of The Nile. Yes, Egypt is one of Africa's largest countries in terms of size and people, but it the largest in the continent—and probably in the World—in terms of culture and history. Egypt has been for centuries the primary destination of adventure seekers and lovers of ancient, bygone eras carefully kept in the thousands of monuments, some as colossal as the Pyramids at Giza, or some as legendary like the famed Alexandria Lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. A visit to Egypt is stepping into a time machine that would take visitors to human civilization's cradle. But not all is rich history and mummies (though they are quite seldom seen!). Egypt is home to some of Africa's most fashionable resorts, like World-renowned Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada, or bustling metropolises like Cairo, or its more refined, composed sister, Alexandria, with its many shopping malls, cafes, promenades, and public parks. Visiting Egypt is like taking the best of both worlds, old and new.
Setting aside the bustling and often cacophonous life of this African megacity, Cairo is one of the World's most visited metropolises. For the lover of history, this urban giant is home to the Egyptian Museum, one of the World's most famous. Housing thousands of ancient artifacts, the museum is home to an immense collection of well-preserved items that record Ancient Egypt in its entire splendor. You can also hop on a ride to visit Giza, where the towering pyramids have stood, attesting to Egyptian Pharaohs' greatness. And for the lovers of city dining and adventures, no one will be disappointed with the hundreds of shops, cafes, restaurants, and exotic bazaars, like Khan El Khalili. Cairo aside from traffic and crowds, is well worth the dime!
Alexander the Great's beloved city, this is a far cry from Cairo's busy, traffic-jammed avenues: lying on Egypt's Mediterranean coast, Alexandria is a rather great metropolis filled with elegant theatres, extensive gardens, an excellent museum rivaling that in Cairo, and endless promenades lined with shops and cafes, giving this ancient marvel of civilization a rather European air spoused with that unique Middle Eastern taste. No visit to Egypt is concluded without setting foot on this exquisite Mediterranean gem.
Sharm El Sheikh
If you're looking for sand and sun against a backdrop of posh, welcoming resorts, this is the place. Submerge in the warm waters of the Red Sea and discover an endless delight beneath the waves. And in the evening, splurge at any of the resort's classy, world-renowned restaurants.
Known as the "world's greatest open-air museum," Luxor is a standing marvel from the ancient World. Replete with temples, palaces, and hundreds of colossal monuments, Ancient Egypt's capital attracts people all over the World to stand in awe at the splendor and arrogance of this once-majestic metropolis of the Pharaohs.
Crossing over 40 km of pristine coastline, Hurghada City has year-round sunshine, stunning coral reefs, and plenty of exciting attractions in a laid-back, relaxed ambiance. Even though it's recognized as a top-three diving destination on the planet, it yet has something for everyone, even the non-divers: beach recreation, fantastic water sports, clubbing, and golfing are only a few of the options this place has to offer. Hurghada is a luxury resort town divided by Sigala, El-Dahar, and El-Memsha. Sigala is where you find many seaside resorts, mid-range hotels, and lots of restaurants. South of Sigala, you see luxury resorts. El-Dahar is the older charming part of town with its grand bazaar. El Memsha, which means the village road, is the modern part of the city. There are numerous luxury locations nearby; visit Soma Bay, Makadi Bay, and Sahl el Hashish. Considered the Red Sea Riviera's capital, Hurghada is south of Suez and 550 km from Cairo. The temperature is pleasant all year round. With the Hurghada desert climate, you should expect large differences in the temperature between night and day. Days are hot, while nights can get moderately cold, especially during the winter months.
Best things to do in Egypt
Tour the Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza, the sole survival of the seven wonders of the World, live up to more than 4,000 years of exposure. Built as tombs for the mighty Pharaohs and guarded by the enigmatic Sphinx, Giza's pyramid complex has amazed travelers down through the ages and had archaeologists (and a fair few conspiracy theorists) scraping their heads over how they were built for centuries. Today, these megalithic memorials to dead kings are still as fascinating sights as they ever were. Giza's pyramids should not be missed on your trip once you visit Egypt.
Visit the Egyptian Museum
The Egyptian Museum is home to one of the World's most comprehensive ancient artifacts collections found in downtown Cairo overlooking Tahrir Square. First opened in 1902, and this dulled pink mansion exhibits an extraordinary amount of glittering jewels, marvelous mummies, and spectacular statues. It's a chaotic place with little labeling on offer and not much chronological order, but that's half of its old-school charm. Its complex decorated furniture, boats, and sarcophagi make for fascinating viewing; the undisputed highlight is the glittering Gold Mask of Tutankhamun, which is renowned around the World.
Explore St Catherine's Monastery
It is one of the oldest monasteries in the World, having been established in the year 324, and set in the center of the Sinai Peninsula. St Catherine's Monastery lies not far from the small town of the same name, underneath the remarkably weathered Willow Peak. Sacred to Christians, Muslims, and Jews, confined within its ancient walls, you can find a graceful church, mosque, and library, as well as countless valuable icons and mosaics.
Traverse Luxor's Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings
Visiting Luxor and the Valley of the Kings brings you to the Egypt of history books and childhood dreams, where traditional pharaohs lie in treasure-filled tombs and enormous temples rise from the desert.
The Kings' valley is a complexity of hidden underground tombs shows that the thorough compounds made for the afterlife, in which pharaohs were expected to become graves the gods. Tombs were adorned with bright paintings and filled with all the material goods that a pharaoh might desire in the next World, from dazzling golden masks and valuable jewels to food and wine. Karnak, built on a massive scale as a home for the gods, a collection of temples, towers, and obelisks, covers over 2sq km. Amun's main structure's Precinct is large enough to house several cathedrals, making it one of the World's largest religious complexes.
Abu Simbel is Ramses II's great Temple, carved out of the mountainside in the 13th century BC; the twin temples are one of Egypt's most iconic sights thanks to the enormous rock relief figures flanking their entrance. Abu Simbel is also known for the improbable effort, which saw the entire Temple moved from its original setting was relocated entirely in 1968 to avoid the Aswan Dam's rising waters.
Discover the South Sinai
Egypt's heart for beach fun is the South Sinai region on Sinai Peninsula. Sharm el-Sheikh and Hurghada are resorts with plenty of luxury hotels, international restaurants, shops with select entertainment options. Dahab is a low-key beach town with a budget-traveler heart, which is just as much about desert excursions and adventures as the sea. Between the port town of Nuweiba and the border town of Taba, the bamboo hut retreats offer complete get-away-from-it-all breaks from life. Wherever you choose, the South Sinai is all about diving. The Red Sea is one of the World's top diving stops, and the South Sinai region is house to most of the best dive places.
Enjoy a Nile Cruising
The Nile defines Egypt. A multi-day cruise upon this main waterway that saw the Pharaonic era's rise highlights their Egypt trip for many visitors. Cruising the Nile is also the most relaxing way to see the temples that stud the river banks on the route between Luxor and Aswan, plus sunrise and sunset over the date-palm-studded river banks, stiffened by dunes, is one of Egypt's most peaceful vistas.
Experience Siwa Oasis
Siwa Oasis lies not far from the border with Libya. It boasts its own novel desert culture and different dialect. Mostly made up of Berbers, the town is known for being home to the Oracle's critical and prestigious Temple, which Alexander the Great came to consult. While its revered ruins attract the most visitors, important archaeological sites, such as the rock tombs of Gebel al Mawta and the crumbling mud-brick fortress of Shali, are also well worth visiting. Siwa Oasis has a strong history, culture, and culture for you to probe into, with charming salt lagoons and desert spectacle found nearby.
Admire Bibliotheca Alexandrina
Bibliotheca Alexandrina is situated in Egypt's second-largest city of Alexandria, on the Mediterranean Sea's shores. Opened in 2002, it attempts to replicate, honor, and glorify the knowledge and learn that once took place in the Great Library of Alexandria – one of the ancient World's most notable institutions. It certainly accomplishes its goal. The complexes are several magnificent museums and art galleries and an awesome planetarium, while its main reading room can hold up to eight million books. The library exhibits enchanting architecture: its design reflects the rising sun, and its exterior is covered in symbols and scripts from all around the World.