Tanzania is a land with many wonders, unparalleled diversity of fauna and flora. Kilimanjaro, the highest permanently snow-capped free-standing mountain in Africa, the exotic Islands of Zanzibar, the finest game sanctuaries of Serengeti, Tarangire, Lake Manyara, Ngorongoro Crater, Ruaha, Selous, and the Marine Park of Mafia Island are only a few of the living examples. The scenery, topography, rich culture, and friendly people present excellent cultural tourism, beach and honeymoon destinations, game hunting, historical and archaeological ventures, and the best wildlife photographic safaris in the world. Tanzania has 15 national parks, 29 game reserves, 40 controlled conservation areas, and marine parks.
Dar es Salaam City
Dar es Salaam is the largest city and economic capital of Tanzania. Located in a quiet bay off the Indian Ocean coast, the city has developed into an economic importance to become a prosperous center of the entire East African region. Its bustling harbor is the main port in Tanzania.
Seven kilometers north of the city is Bongoyo Island Marine Reserve, which offers good snorkeling and diving sites for those who want to explore the water. The reserve boasts of its beautiful beaches, secluded islands, and many varieties of marine species. Although the type and population of coral and fish species are not as numerous as other sites on Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia Island, the Bongoyo Island Marine Reserve is well worth a visit. It is a great way to spend a day out and see the coast.
It is known as Spice Island. The gorgeous island of Zanzibar on Africa's east coast is exploding with culture and history, apparently at odds with its idyllic geography of white-sand beaches with palms swaying lazily in the sea breeze. The island has some of the best beaches in the world. The surf varies depending on what side of the island you are on, but visitors will find soft white sand and clear shallow water, along with traditional boats lining the shore.
The historical city of Stone Town, known for old Arabian townhouses, narrow alleyways, and a busy port, is located in the heart of Zanzibar.
Mafia Island draws divers and snorkelers worldwide to the undersea world protected by the Mafia Island Marine Park. The best months for diving are October to March, but Mafia Island's best weather is in May to October. March and April are months of heavy rain.
Mafia Island Marine Park has coral gardens, an abundant variety of fish, and a relaxed diving atmosphere. Countless birds and over 400 species of fish can be seen in the area. Mafia Island is also a traditional breeding site for green turtles, which are unfortunately endangered.
Mafia is also desirable for deep-sea fishing, especially tuna, marlin, sailfish, and other big-game fish.
Pemba Island is the northernmost island in the Zanzibar archipelago. Around Pemba are many desert islands and some of the best scuba diving in the Indian Ocean, with exceptional visibility. Coral gardens, colorful sponges, and sea fans are all found in the underwater haven. Chake Chake, the main population center on Pemba, is a popular base for scuba divers.
Pemba is less visited than Zanzibar and, as a result, has a more laidback environment. The island is hilly with deep valleys, and it has become popular with mountain bikers drawn to the 1,000-meter peaks. Just offshore, one spot not to miss is Misali Island Beach. This incredible white-sand beach is on an uninhabited tropical island.
Pemba is a major world clove generator and is well known for the juju traditions of medicine and magic. People come from throughout East Africa to learn from the voodoo and ancestral healers or seek a cure.
Stone Town is the cultural heart of Zanzibar, and little has altered in the last 200 years. The grand old Arabian homes lining the narrow streets and winding alleys give the city its unique attractiveness. The majority of homes in Stone Town were built in the 19th C when Zanzibar was one of the most famous Swahili trading towns in the Indian Ocean. Visitors will notice the bras-studded, intricately carved wooden doors on many of the houses.
Top Things to do
Discover the real wild side of Africa on an adventure safari, choose an exciting tour that will ensure you have the holiday of a lifetime. Tours can be tailor-made according to your travel preferences, the time of year, and what you want to see, so don't hesitate to let us know what exactly you want.
Unlike other parks in northern Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is not toured for the wildlife but for the chance to stand in awe of this beautiful snow-capped mountain and climb to the summit for many. Mount Kilimanjaro can be climbed anytime, although the best period is from late June to October, during the dry season.
A World Heritage Site, Kilimanjaro, was formed over 1 million years ago by volcanic movement along the Rift Valley. Three volcanic cones - Shira, Kibo, and Mawenzi - came to be about 750,000 years ago. The highest point is Uhuru Peak on Kibo, one of the world's seven Summits.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
It is one of Tanzania's most popular wildlife viewing areas. This huge volcanic crater has a permanent supply of water, which draws thousands of animals who stay in this area rather than migrate. Visitants come here fundamentally for viewing large animals and bird watching. Thousands of animals can be seen on the crater floor, including lions, elephants, rhinos, Thomson's gazelles, and buffaloes, but wildebeests and zebras account for over half of the animals that call the Ngorongoro Crater home.
Lake Manyara National Park
Lake Manyara National Park is comprised of forest, woodland, grasslands, and swamps. Two-thirds of the park is covered by water, and Lake Manyara is host to thousands of flamingoes at certain times of the year and other diverse birdlife. The highlight of Lake Manyara Park is the large population of elephants, tree-climbing lions, and hippos. This park is also home to the largest concentration of baboons in the world.
Tarangire National Park
Tarangire National Park, established in 1970, is a beautiful area for wildlife viewing. It is best visited in the dry season from July to September when the animals gather along the river.
During the dry season, Tarangire National Park has one of the highest concentrations of migratory wildlife. Wildebeest, zebra, buffalo, impala, gazelle, hartebeest, and eland crowd the lagoons. The park is also known for its massive population of elephants and the baobab trees that dot the grassy landscape.
Lake Victoria is the biggest freshwater lake in Africa and is bordered by Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. This lake is the source of the White Nile and provides an income for millions of residents along its shores. The Tanzanian section of Lake Victoria is one of the least visited regions in the country. However, the towns of Bukoba, Musoma, and Mwanza have several attractions.
Near Mwanza and Musoma are many islands. Some have become wildlife sanctuaries. Bird watching and fishing trips are popular excursions, and boat trips or hikes can be arranged around Lake Victoria.